Absorption is the process by which the products of digestion are absorbed by the blood to be supplied to the rest of your body. Once the food is broken down into the vital nutrients, it travels down to the small intestines and is absorbed into the blood stream. The circulatory system then takes over and transports the nutrients to the various parts of your body that need them. Whatever is not used is distributed to either storage or waste
A condition in which stomach acid leaks backwards into the esophagus (the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach), causing heartburn and irritating the lining of the esophagus.
Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.
The part of a substance or compound that produces its chemical or biological effect. Active ingredients in a product are the ones that are intended to have a therapeutic effect on consuption
Sudden, severe, and not long lasting.
Adaptogens are herbs or plant extarcts that helps the body cope with stress - physical, emotional, chemical or biological. Adaptogens do this by strengthening the bodys immune, nervous and gladular systems so it can adapt and adjust to stress.
When the combination of two or more drugs, dietary supplements, or other therapies produces a greater result than one drug, dietary supplement, or therapy given alone. For example, combining valerian with alcohol may have a stronger sedative effect than valerian by itself would produce.
The recommended daily intake of a nutrient estimated to meet or exceed the amount needed to maintain adequate nutrition for most people in a particular life stage and gender group. An AI is established when not enough information is available from scientific research to determine a Recommended Dietary Allowance (a dietary intake level that is sufficient to meet the nutrient requirements of most people).
The process of giving a person a medicine or dietary supplement by mouth, by vein, on the skin, or by another route.
To make unsafe or impure by using contaminated or poorer quality ingredients; using a strength or quality that is less than claimed; leaving out or substituting key ingredients; or using inferior manufacturing, processing, packaging, or storage procedures.
An unwanted side effect.
In dietary supplement, a substance or procedure that is used in diagnosing, screening, preventing, or treating a disease. An agent is also a chemical substance, organism, or natural force that produces a particular effect by its action.
A substance found in colorful fruits and vegetables such as pumpkin, carrots, winter squash, and tangerines. It is a carotenoid that can be made into vitamin A by your body.
The form of vitamin E that is found in the largest amount in humans and is the most active form of vitamin E. It is a natural antioxidant.
A brain disease in which thinking, memory, and reasoning ability is slowly destroyed. In advanced stages, an affected person becomes disoriented and confused, has mood and behavior changes, and has difficulty talking, walking, and swallowing. Alzheimer’s disease is progressive, irreversible, and incurable.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease that may get worse over time. It’s the leading cause of severe, permanent vision loss in people over age 60.
Amino acids are the building blocks that make up proteins. Humans need 21 different amino acids to function properly. Some are made by your body. Others, called essential amino acids, must be obtained from foods.
"Male menopause” is the more common term for andropause. It describes age-related changes in male hormone levels. The same group of symptoms is also known as testosterone deficiency, androgen deficiency, and late-onset hypogonadism. As men age, their testosterone levels will typically begin to drop. Testosterone levels tend to decline an average of 1 percent per year after men turn 30 and by the time they are 50, they have reach what is called as Andropause. Some health conditions can cause earlier or more drastic declines in your testosterone levels.Andropause symptoms include low energy, depression, decreased motivation and self-confidence, difficulty concentrating, insomnia or difficulty sleeping, increased body fat, reduced muscle mass, erectile dysfunction, reduced libido and infertility.
A condition in which the number of red blood cells in the blood, or the amount of hemoglobin in them, is lower than normal, causing a condition in which red blood cells are not able to supply enough oxygen to all the tissues in your body. Hemoglobin is the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen to your body’s cells.
A laboratory test using animals to study the development and course of human diseases, and to test the safety and effectiveness of new treatments before they are given to humans.
Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by an abnormally low body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of weight.
Anthocyanin is a blue, violet, or red coloured flavonoid pigment found in blueberry, raspberry, black rice, and black soybean. Anthocyanins have antidiabetic, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anti-obesity properties, and prevents cardiovascular diseases.
A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms.
A type of protein made by white blood cells in response to an antigen (a foreign substance in your body). Each antibody binds to only one specific antigen and helps to destroy it. An antibody can work in several ways, depending on the nature of the antigen. Some antibodies destroy antigens directly. Others make it easier for white blood cells to destroy the antigens.
A drug or other substance that stops blood clots from forming. Also called a blood thinner.
A substance that blocks the effects of estrogens (a family of hormones that helps develop and maintain female sex characteristics).
Substances, like vitamins A, C, E, and beta-carotene, that protect your body from the damage of oxidation caused by free radicals. Antioxidants are chemicals that interact with and help neutralize free radicals. It may help prevent the development of some chronic diseases such as cancer. Antioxidants include beta-carotene; lutein; lycopene; vitamins A, C, and E; selenium; and zinc. Some antioxidants such as glutathione are made by your body, while others such as vitamins E and C and mineral selenium must be consumed in the diet.
Long-standing. Something that has persisted for a long time; to have existed for a particularly long duration. In the context of this company, bounties of nature, wisdom, natural remedies that have passed through generations and remained effective and available till date
A group of diseases in which one or more joints (places in your body where two bones connect) become swollen and painful. The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis. It is caused by the breakdown of cartilage, a type of tissue that cushions and supports the joint. Without cartilage, the bones in the joint rub together, causing inflammation (swelling, redness, pain, and warmth) and stiffness. Arthritis may affect the fingers, hips, knees, lower back, feet, or any other joint in your body.
An assay is a process of analyzing a substance to determine its composition or quality.
A common disorder that usually develops before age 7 and may continue into adulthood. Symptoms include inattention, excessive impulsiveness, and/or inability to remain still and quiet.
Ayurveda is a traditional Indian system of medicine. It aims to preserve health and wellness by keeping the mind, body, and spirit in balance and preventing disease rather than treating it. To do so, it employs a holistic approach that combines diet, exercise, and lifestyle changes
It is an egg replacement usually made from chickpea water or vegans or people with an egg allergy. Aquafaba is a rich source of protein, fibre, B-Vitamins,Folate, Iron, Phosphorus and healthy fats. Approximately 3 tbs of aquafaba can replace the requirement of 1 whole egg
Alpha-linolenic acid is a type of omega-3 fatty acid found in plants and nuts like walnut that helps maintain healthy heart rhythym
Atrophy is the progressive degeneration or shrinkage of muscle or nerve tissue.
Nutrients that are important for cell function. The B vitamins are biotin(B7), folate(B9), niacin(B3), pantothenic acid(B5), riboflavin(B2), thiamin(B1), Pyridoxine (B6), and Cyanocobalmain(B12). The B vitamins make up the vitamin B complex.
Single-celled organisms that are too small to be seen without a microscope. Bacteria are found everywhere and may be helpful or harmful.
Beta carotene is a red-orange pigment found in plants and fruits, especially colorful vegetables. The human body converts beta carotene into vitamin A. Beta carotene is concentrated in fruits and veggies with a red, orange, or yellow color. However, dark leafy greens or other green veggies, also contain a good amount of this antioxidant as well.
An inactive ingredient (one that has no medicinal effect on your body, such as starch, salt, or sugar) used to hold together the contents of a supplement.
Bioactive foods or functional foods include fruits, vegetables, proteins, and lipids that promote extra health benefits for the human body
The term bioavailability refers to the proportion or fraction of a nutrient, consumed in the diet, that is absorbed and utilized by your body. Bioavailability captures three essential features. 1. How fast the nutrient enters the systemic circulation (rate of absorption). 2. How much of nutrient your body is actually able to utilize (extent of absorption) 3. How long it is available in the plasma and cells to be utilized Consuming a supplement which isn’t optimized in terms of bioavailability like tablets and capsules, can lead to a significant loss in the amount of nutrient especially when it bypasses the digestive system. And you are not reaping the health benefits you seek.
A nutrient that is needed by your body to change carbohydrates, fats, and amino acids into energy and the basic materials needed for important life processes. It belongs to the group of vitamins called the vitamin B complex. Biotin is found in a variety of protein foods such as lean meats, poultry, eggs, seafood, beans, peas, and lentils, nuts and seeds, and soy products. Eggs and some organ meats are good sources of biotin.
An inherited condition in which the Biotin (Vitamin B7) is not released from the proteins in the diet during digestion. your body needs biotin to help break down food into energy. Symptoms of this condition typically appear in infancy or childhood. Kids with mild biotinidase deficiency may have weak muscles, skin rashes, and hair loss. Severe biotinidase deficiency can cause seizures, breathing problems, hearing and vision loss, problems with movement and balance, and an infection called candidiasis.
The main source of energy used by your body’s cells. Blood sugar comes from food and is made by the liver, and is carried to the cells through the bloodstream. Also called blood glucose.
Substances obtained from plants and used in food supplements, personal care products, or pharmaceuticals. Other names include “herbal medicine” and “plant medicine.”
A balanced diet is a diet of foods that provided nutrients the body needs to work effectively and function correctly. Without balanced nutrition, the body is more prone to disease, infection, fatigue, and low performance. A balanced diet contains elements of fresh fruits, fresh vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, proteins and healthy fats.
Betalains are phytonutrients found in plants that give beets their red color. They have also been shown to provide antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and detoxification support.
(n.) lit. Gaelic word for “sanctuary. An invisible circle of protection, drawn around your body for protection, that reminds you that you are safe and loved even in the darkest times.
A mineral found throughout your body. Calcium is needed for healthy bones and teeth, for nerves and enzymes to function properly, and for blood clotting. Calcium is found in some foods, including milk, yogurt, and cheese, kale, broccoli and fortified foods, such as many drinks, tofu, and cereals.
A chemical compound naturally found in chalk, some seashells and other substances. Calcium carbonate is used in antacid drugs to treat indigestion and as a source of calcium to supplement the diet.
Carotenoids are pigments in plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. These pigments produce the bright yellow, red, and orange colors in plants, vegetables, and fruits. Carotenoids act as antioxidants for humans. Some carotenoids (beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, and beta-cryptoxanthin) can be made into vitamin A by your body. Other carotenoids (lycopene and lutein) cannot be made into vitamin A by your body and therefore must be consumed through diet.
A substance found throughout your body. It is made by the liver and is an important component of all cells. Cholesterol is also used to make hormones, bile acid, and vitamin D. Foods that come from animals contain cholesterol, including eggs, dairy products, meat, poultry and fish. High blood levels of cholesterol increase a person’s chance (risk) of developing atherosclerosis and heart disease.
Clinical trials are research studies performed on people (a group of volunteers) that are aimed at evaluating a medical, surgical, or behavioral intervention. They are the primary way that researchers find out if a new treatment, like a new drug or diet or medical device. Also called a clinical study.
Cells that work together to protect and support your body’s muscles, joints, organs, skin, and other tissues. Examples of connective tissue include cartilage, fat, blood, and bone.
Constipation occurs when bowel movements become less frequent and stools become difficult to pass. It happens most often due to changes in diet or routine, or due to inadequate intake of fiber.
In a research study or clinical trial, the control group is composed of participants who do not receive the experimental treatment. When conducting an experiment, these people are randomly assigned to be in this group. They also closely resemble the participants who are in the experimental group or the individuals who receive the treatment. This group is compared with the group that receives the experimental treatment, to see whether the new treatment works.
A currently accepted and widely used medicine for a certain type of disease, based on the results of past clinical research.
Conventionally grown is an agriculture term referring to a method of growing edible plants (such as fruit and vegetables) and other products. It is opposite to organic growing methods which attempt to produce without synthetic chemicals (fertilizers, pesticides, antibiotics, hormones) or genetically modified organisms.
In nutrition, a mineral your body needs (along with iron) to make red blood cells. Copper also helps keep the immune system, blood vessels, nerves, and bones healthy. Copper is found in some foods, including oysters and other shellfish, whole grains, beans, nuts, potatoes, organ meats, dark leafy greens, and dried fruits.
To heal or restore health; a treatment to restore health.
Circadian rhythm is the sleep-wake pattern of the body over the course of a 24-hour day. It helps control your daily schedule for sleep and wakefulness. Your brain receives signals based on your environment and activates certain hormones, alters your body temperature, and regulates your metabolism to keep you alert or draw you to sleep.
Chondroitin is found naturally in your body. It’s a vital part of cartilage, which is the tough connective tissue that cushions the joints, giving it elasticity by helping it retain water.
CGF is a unique complex found in the cell nucleus of chlorella which when consumed, helps improve the immune system and strengthen the body's ability to recover from exercise and diseases. CGF is produced during photosynthesis and helps the chlorella cells to multiply rapidly into 4 cells every 20 hours. This rapid rate of growth in CGF helps repair damaged cells in humans, and slows down the ageing process.
Cytokines are proteins produced by cells, and they serve as molecular messengers between cells. They are crucial in controlling the growth and activity of other immune system cells and blood cells. For example, in arthritis, cytokines regulate various inflammatory responses. As part of the immune system, cytokines regulate the body's response to disease and infection, as well as mediate normal cellular processes in your body.
A term on food labels based on the RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) designed to help consumers use food label information to plan a healthy diet. The Daily Value serves as a basis for declaring on the label the percent of the DV for each nutrient that a serving of the food provides.
In nutrition a deficiency occurs when your body doesn't absorb or get from food the necessary amount of a nutrient. Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems. These can include malnutrition, digestion problems, skin disorders, stunted or defective bone growth, and even dementia.
A condition in which tissues in your body lose their ability to function properly. A deterioration and loss of function of tissues and organs in your body
A disease in which blood sugar (glucose) levels are high because your body is unable to use glucose properly. Diabetes occurs when your body does not make enough insulin, which helps the cells use glucose, or when your body no longer responds to insulin.
A substance in plants that you cannot digest. It adds bulk to your diet to make you feel full, helps prevent constipation, and may help lower the risk of heart disease and diabetes. Good sources of dietary fibre include whole grains (such as brown rice, oats, quinoa, bulgur, and popcorn), legumes (such as black beans, garbanzo beans, split peas, and lentils), nuts, seeds, fruit, and vegetables.
A product that is intended to supplement the diet. A dietary supplement contains one or more dietary ingredients (including vitamins, minerals, herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, and other substances) or their components; is intended to be taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid; and is identified on the front label of the product as being a dietary supplement.
The process your body uses to break down food into simple substances for energy, growth, and cell repair.
The amount or quantity of medicine, vitamin or supplement taken at one time or over a specific period of time.
Describes a clinical trial in which neither the researcher nor the patient knows which of several possible therapies the patient is receiving.
Hormone-producing glands that affect growth and development, hunger, metabolism (chemical changes in your body), sleep, sexual function, and mood. The endocrine system includes the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, adrenal gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, and testicles.
An enriched food is one having lost resident nutrients during processing, upon which some (or all) are added back to restore or enhance its original nutrient density. Examples of enriched foods include in skim or low-fat milk with vitamin D; and wheat flour with folic acid, riboflavin, and iron.
A protein that speeds up chemical reactions in your body.
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) found in green tea. Please refer to Green tea for more information
Nutrients are compounds in foods essential to life and health, providing us with energy, the building blocks for repair and growth and substances necessary to regulate chemical processes. There are six major nutrients: Carbohydrates (CHO), Lipids (fats), Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, Water.
Excipients are substances other than active ingredients used in finished pharma and nutraceutical products. Almost all products that come in dosage forms include some kind of excipient to guarantee the dosage, stability, and bioavailability of the product. There are various types of excipients, such as flavoring agents, lubricants, disintegrates, coating agents, binders, and fillers, and diluents.
Extracts are substances extracted or drawn out from a plant using different solvents—some combination of water, alcohol, chemicals, or other liquid that works to draw out beneficial plant components. Extracts can contain the full spectrum of plant chemicals. Extracts can be standardize to a marker of potency and consistency. Standardization is typically done by measuring the amount of at least one or two phytochemical compounds that have been researched and identified as having beneficial effects at a certain level.
The fat-soluble vitamins are A, D, E, and K. Your body stores excess fat-soluble vitamins in your liver and body fat, then uses them as needed. Ingesting more fat-soluble vitamins than you need can be toxic, causing side-effects like nausea, vomiting, and liver and heart problems depending on the vitamin.
Extreme tiredness and an inability to function due to lack of energy.
An inactive ingredient (one that has no medicinal effect on your body, such as lactose or starch) that is used to provide consistency and uniformity in the size and weight of a supplement.
A group of plant compounds which are thought to provide various health benefits. They are found naturally in plants, fruits and vegetables. Flavonoids help regulate cellular activity and fight off free radicals that cause oxidative stress on your body. In simpler terms, they help your body function more efficiently while protecting it against everyday toxins and stressors. Flavonoids are also powerful antioxidant agents. Foods high in flavonoids are onions, Kale, Parsley, Tea, Red wine, Dark chocolate, Citrus Fruits and Soyabeans (isoflavones)
Flavourings are ingredients that are added to foods in very small amounts, either to give a specific flavour to a product, such as a soft drink, boiled sweet or yoghurt, or to enhance or replace flavour lost during food processing. Both natural and synthetic flavors are synthesized in laboratories. While synthetic flavors come from petroleum and other inedible substances, “natural flavors” can refer to anything that comes from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf.
A general term for the various forms of folic acid, a B vitamin. Folate is needed to make DNA, RNA, and amino acids. It occurs naturally in foods and is found in leafy green vegetables (such as spinach and turnip greens), fruits (such as citrus fruits and juices), and dried beans and peas.
FSH. A hormone made by the pituitary gland (an organ at the base of the brain) that is used in reproduction and in making estrogen and sperm.
A fortified food is one with added nutrients (most often vitamins and minerals) meant to boost nutrient density, treat or prevent disease, and promote general wellbeing. Examples of fortified foods include orange juice with vitamin D and iodized salt or when calcium is added to orange juice, the orange juice is said to be “fortified with calcium”. Similarly, many breakfast cereals are “fortified” with several vitamins and minerals.
To increase a food or drink's nutritional value by adding vitamins, minerals, or other substances. For example, milk is fortified with vitamins A and D.
Free radicals are oxygen-containing molecules with an uneven number of electrons. The uneven number allows them to easily react with other molecules. Free radicals can cause large chain chemical reactions in your body because they react so easily with other molecules. These reactions are called oxidation. Free radicals build up in cells and cause damage to other molecules, such as DNA, lipids, and proteins A free radical has at least one unpaired electron, which makes it unstable. To become stable, the free radical takes an electron away from another atom, which makes that atom unstable, and starts a chain reaction that can injure cells. Free radicals not only damage cells they cause genetic alterations (mutations), and may play a role in cancer, heart disease, and age-related diseases. Free radicals are also beneficial; they are involved in killing germs (microorganisms) and they help hormones and chemical messengers communicate with cells. Proteins (enzymes) made by your body, and vitamin C, vitamin E, and beta carotene in the diet help prevent free radical damage.
A conventional or modified food or ingredient that provides a health benefit in addition to the basic nutritional functions of the food like whole, fortified, enriched, and enhanced foods.
A Fibroblast is a type of cell that contributes to the formation of connective tissue, which is a fibrous cellular material that supports and connects other tissues or organs in the body. Fibroblasts secrete collagen proteins that help maintain the structural framework of these tissues, including the skin. They also play an important role in healing wounds. The fibrous proteins produced by fibroblasts mainly consist of fibrin, fibronectin, and collagen. Fibrin and fibronectin provide a basic framework for cells to stick together and form a tissue, whilst collagen provides the mechanical strength needed for the tissue strength.
The name of a category that is part of the scientific classification of all organisms. Genus is located in the classification system after kingdom, phylum, class, order, and family and before the subclassification of species. Humans, for example, belong to the genus Homo and the species Homo sapiens.
"Latin name: Zingiber officianale. Origin: Southeast Asia
The root of this plant has been used in cooking and in some cultures to treat nausea, vomiting, and certain other medical conditions. It is being studied in the treatment of nausea and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy. "
Ginkgolides are one of the important medicinal ingredients in the Ginkgo biloba plant. Many studies have verified that ginkgolides have anti-platelet-activating, anti-apoptotic, anti-oxidative, neurotrophic, and neuroimmunomodulatory effects.
Ginsenosides are a group of saponins, that represent the active compounds found in the root Panax Ginseng. These compounds have been reported to display antioxidant potential among other properties.
A protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. Eating gluten damages the small intestine in people who have celiac disease (also called gluten intolerance, gluten-sensitive enteropathy, and sprue) and can cause abdominal pain, gas, diarrhea, and other symptoms.
The glycemic index is a value assigned to foods based on how slowly or how quickly those foods cause increases in blood glucose levels. Foods low on the glycemic index scale release glucose slowly and steadily. Foods high on the glycemic index release glucose rapidly.
The glycemic load (GL) of food is a number that estimates how much the food will raise a person's blood glucose level after eating it. One unit of glycemic load approximates the effect of eating one gram of glucose.
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an amino acid that functions as the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter that sends chemical messages through the brain and the nervous system, and is involved in regulating communication between brain cells. The role of GABA is to inhibit or reduce the activity of the neurons or nerve cells. GABA plays an important role in behaviour, cognition and the body's response to anxiety and stress. The most important factor that contributes to stress and anxiety disorders is increased neuronal activity in the brain. GABA inhibits or reduces the neuronal activity in the cerebral neurons.
The metabolic pathway that is responsible for the synthesis, conservation and metabolism of GABA in the body
GABA receptors on nerve cells receive the chemical messages that help to inhibit or reduce nerve impulses.
Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant found in every cell in the body and is produced by the liver. Cells produce glutathione to help resist oxidative stress. It is made of three types of molecules known as amino acids. Glutathione is one of the only antioxidants that the body is able to make in the liver. The compound Milk thistle activates the glutathione production in the body. Some of the important functions of Glutathione is to make DNA, support immune system, form sperm cells, break down free radicals, regenerate Vitamin C and E in the body, helping the liver and bladder deal with fats, transporting mercury out of the brain. It is vital in building and repairing tissue and is being researched for its anti-aging properties.
Good cholesterol. HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol is a type of protein that carries excess cholesterol from the arteries to the liver to be removed from your body.
A statement on a food or dietary supplement product label that describes a relationship between a food, food component, or dietary supplement ingredient and the reduction in risk of developing a disease or health-related condition. For example: “Healthful diets with adequate folate may reduce a woman’s risk of having a child with a brain or spinal cord birth defect.”
Indicates the amount of raw material of the herb that is used for the process of extraction. For example if 50g of a herb in its raw form is used to extract 1g of its extract form, the herb ratio would be 50:1. It is used in some herbs to indicate potency of the extract
Having to do with or made from medicinal or edible plants. An herb is a plant or plant part used for its scent, flavor, or therapeutic properties.
Herbs are plants used as flavorings and spices in cooking, but herbs can also be used as supplements for health or medicinal reasons.
A traditional treatment that uses certain foods or common substances that may have medicinal properties or cause a placebo effect. Examples include chicken soup (for colds and flu), certain teas (for headache, fever, or stomach ache)
Hormones are chemical substances that act like messenger molecules in your body. After being made in one part of your body, they travel to other parts of your body where they help control how cells and organs do their work. For example, insulin is a hormone that's made by the beta cells in the pancreas.
HRT. Hormones (estrogen, progesterone, or both) given to women after menopause to make up for the hormones no longer made by the ovaries. Also known as menopausal hormone therapy, HRT can help relieve sweating, hot flashes, and other symptoms of menopause.
A sudden, temporary onset of body warmth, flushing, and sweating (often associated with menopause or perimenopause).
Hypervitaminosis is a condition of abnormally high storage levels of vitamins, which can lead to toxic symptoms. Specific medical names of the different conditions are derived from the vitamin involved: an excess of vitamin A, for example, is called hypervitaminosis A. It can cause headache, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and birth defects. Also called vitamin A toxicity.
A disorder in which the thyroid gland makes too little hormone for your body to function well. Thyroid hormones affect chemical reactions in your body, brain development, breathing, heart and nervous system functions, body temperature, muscle strength, skin dryness, menstrual cycles, cholesterol levels, and body weight.
Surgery to remove the uterus. A partial hysterectomy is removal of the uterus only. A total hysterectomy is removal of the uterus and part or all of the cervix.
Hyperactivity is a state of being unusually or abnormally active. It refers to a behavioural pattern where a person may seem either be constantly moving, easily distracted, impulsive, unable to concentrate, aggressive and similar behaviour. In adults, hyperactivity may result in extreme restlessness or even talking too much.
Hallucinogens are a class of drugs that cause distortions in a person's perceptions of reality, otherwise known as hallucinations. Under the influence of hallucinogens, users may see images, hear sounds or feel sensations that seem to be real but are not. These drugs can be man-made, or they can come from plants or mushrooms or extracts of certain plants and mushrooms.
Hyaluronic acid is a compound found throughout your body. It plays a key role in many aspects of health, particularly in relation to your skin, eyes, and joints. It is a clear, gooey substance that is naturally produced by your body. The largest amounts of it are found in your skin, connective tissue and eyes. Its main function is to retain water to keep your tissues well lubricated and moist. It acts as a cushion and lubricant in the joints and other tissues. It also helps increase skin moisture and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
The word Hepato refers to the liver. So Hepatoprotective is anything that protects the Liver from harm. It is the opposite to hepatoxicity (toxicity in the liver that causes damage to the liver)
Institute of Chemical Technology
The way your body defends itself against substances it sees as harmful or foreign. In an immune response, the immune system recognizes the antigens (usually proteins) on the surface of substances or microorganisms, such as bacteria or viruses, and attacks and destroys, or tries to destroy, them.
A group of organs and cells that defends your body against infection, disease, and altered (mutated) cells. The immune system defends our body against invaders, such as viruses, bacteria, and foreign bodies. It includes the thymus, spleen, lymphatic system (lymph nodes and lymph vessels), bone marrow, tonsils, and white blood cells.
The condition of being protected against or resistant to an infectious disease.
In the laboratory. In vitro is Latin for “within the glass.” When something is performed in vitro, it happens outside of a living organism
In your body. In vivo is Latin for “within the living.” It refers to work that's performed in a whole, living organism.
A substance that has no medicinal effect on your body. Uses of small amounts of inactive ingredients in dietary supplements include holding the tablet together, improving the taste or smell, and increasing the stability of the key ingredients
Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) is an autonomous institution of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare which sets standards for all drugs that are manufactured, sold and consumed in India. Drugs manufactured in India have to be labelled with the mandatory non-proprietary drug name with the suffix I.P.
Redness, swelling, pain, and/or a feeling of heat in an area of your body. It is a protective reaction to injury, disease, or irritation of tissues.
In a dietary supplement, an ingredient is a component of the product, such as the main nutrient (vitamin, mineral, herb, amino acid, or enzyme) or any binder, colour, filler flavor, or sweetener. In herbal supplements, the common name and Latin name (the genus and species) of the plant is given in the ingredient list. On a dietary supplement label, the ingredients are listed by weight, with the ingredient used in the largest amount first on the list and the ingredient used in the least amount at the end of the list.
Describes a substance that is not of plant or animal origin. For example, minerals are inorganic.
Difficulty in going to sleep or in getting enough sleep.
A condition in which glucose (blood sugar) cannot be absorbed by the cells and used for energy. Instead, glucose builds up in the blood and your body produces more and more insulin (which normally would help glucose get into the cells), resulting in abnormally high blood levels of both glucose and insulin. This can lead to pre-diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and other serious health problems.
Latin Name: Gracilaria Seaweed.
Inulin is a type of oligosaccharide dietary fiber called a fructan that are linked to several health benefits, such as improving digestive health, helping control diabetes, and aiding weight loss. Fructans are a chain of fructose (sugar) molecules strung together. Inulin is fermented by bacteria that normalize the colon and is considered a prebiotic. Prebiotics may improve gastrointestinal health as well as potentially enhance calcium absorption. Inulin is found in a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, and herbs, including wheat, onions, bananas, leeks, artichokes, and asparagus. The inulin that is used for medicine is most commonly obtained from chicory roots. Inulin is not digested or absorbed in the stomach. It goes to the bowels where bacteria are able to use it to grow. Inulin helps decreas your body's ability to make certain kinds of fats, thus aiding in weight loss.
In nutrition, a mineral your body needs to make red blood cells, proteins, and enzymes; and for the control of cell growth and cell specialization. Iron is found in some foods, including red meats, fish, poultry, lentils, and beans.
Short for International Units, IU is a unit of activity or potency of a particular substance. It is the amount of a substance that has a certain biological effect. For each substance there is an international agreement on the biological effect that is expected for 1 IU. This measurement is used for fat soluble vitamins, certain hormones and enzymes.
Research done in a laboratory. A laboratory study may use cells in test tubes or animals to find out if a drug, procedure, or other treatment is likely to be safe and useful. Laboratory studies usually take place before any testing is done in humans.
Bad Cholesterol. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. A type of protein that carries cholesterol to many tissues throughout your body. High levels of LDL cholesterol increase the risk of coronary heart disease.
Dried beans and peas, including kidney beans, pinto beans, black beans, navy beans, lima beans, black-eyed peas, garbanzo beans (chickpeas), split peas, and lentils. Legumes are good sources of protein, iron, zinc, dietary fiber, folate, and potassium.
Liposomes are nanoparticles or nanocarriers, usually 100-300 nm in diameter. They are formed spontaneously when certain phospholipids are hydrated with water. Liposomes are microscopic lipid vesicles. These mimic the human cell membrane. Because of their unique properties, liposomes are able to enhance the performance of products by increasing solubility and improving bioavailability and stability of active ingredients.
Lutein is a type of vitamin called a carotenoid. It is related to beta-carotene and vitamin A, although your body cannot use it to make Vitamin A. Foods rich in lutein include egg yolks, broccoli, spinach, kale, corn, orange pepper, kiwi fruit, grapes, orange juice, zucchini, and squash. Lutein is absorbed best when it is taken with a high-fat meal.
Latin Name: Lycopersicon esculentum.
Lycopene is a plant nutrient with antioxidant properties. It's the pigment that gives red and pink fruits, such as tomatoes, watermelons and pink grapefruit, their characteristic color. Lycopene has been linked to health benefits ranging from heart health to protection against sunburns and certain types of cancers and mens prostrate health. Although Lycopene is a carotenoid your body cannot use it to make vitamin A.
A type of white blood cell that is part of the immune system. It defends your body against infection, disease, and altered (mutated) cells.
Linoleic acids are polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acids - an essential fatty acid found in the oils of corn, wheat germ, soybean etc. They help support heart health, reduce total and LDL cholesterol and improve insulin sensitivity and blood pressure.
It is also referred to as bad cholesterol and makes up most of your body's cholesterol. High levels of LDL cholesterol raise your risk for heart disease and stroke
Macronutrients are nutrients that provide calories or energy and are required in large amounts to maintain body functions and carry out the activities of daily life. There are three broad classes of macronutrient: proteins, carbohydrates and fats
A type of white blood cell that surrounds and kills microorganisms, removes dead cells, and stimulates the action of other immune system cells.
Magnesium is a nutrient that your body needs to stay healthy. Magnesium is important for many processes in your body, including regulating muscle and nerve function, blood sugar levels, and blood pressure and making protein, bone, and DNA. Foods rich in Magnesium are pumpkin seeds, almonds, spinach, cashews, peanuts and of course bananas
A reduced ability to absorb nutrients properly. It can be caused by injury to the digestive tract, a genetic disease, or other conditions. Malabsorption can lead to malnutrition.
Describes a condition caused by not getting enough calories or the right amount of key nutrients needed for health. Key nutrients include vitamins and minerals.
When a person's diet does not provide enough nutrients or the right balance of nutrients for optimal health. Causes of malnutrition include inappropriate dietary choices, a low income, difficulty obtaining food, and various physical and mental health conditions.
One millionth of a gram; 1000 micrograms is equal to 1 milligram, 1000 milligrams is equal to 1 gram and so on.
The process by which a compound or a specific ingredient (such as actives in a dietary supplement) is able to produce an effect in your body.
As a substance or plant having healing, curative or therapeutic properties
Supplements that provide more than 100% of the RDA of your bodys required vitamnin and minerals
Menopause is the natural cessation, or stopping, of a woman's menstrual cycle, and marks the end of fertility. Most women experience menopause by the age of 52. A woman is in menopause when she hasn’t had a period for 12 months in a row. Also called “change of life.”
Periodic discharge of blood and tissue from the uterus. From puberty until menopause, menstruation normally occurs about every 28 days, except when a woman is pregnant.
One thousandth of a gram; 1000 milligrams is equal to 1 gram
µg or mcg. A unit of weight in the metric system equal to one millionth of a gram.
Micronutrients are one of the major groups of nutrients that your body needs. They include vitamins and minerals. Vitamins are necessary for energy production, immune function, blood clotting and other functions. Meanwhile, minerals play an important role in growth, bone health, fluid balance and several other processes.
An organism that can be seen only through a microscope. Microorganisms or microbes are microscopic organisms that exist as unicellular, multicellular, or cell clusters. They are widespread in nature and while some are beneficial to life, some can cause serious harm. They can be divided into six major types: bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, algae, and viruses.
Minerals are inorganic naturally occuring nutrients found in the earth or water and absorbed by plants and animals for proper nutrition. Minerals are the main component of teeth and bones, and help build cells and support nerve impulses, among other things. Examples include calcium and magnesium,
To make milder or less painful.
A multivitamin is a preparation intended to serve as a dietary supplement with vitamins, dietary minerals, and other nutritional elements. Such preparations are available in the form of tablets, capsules, pastilles, powders, liquids, or injectable formulations
Melatonin is a hormone produced predominantly by the pineal gland in the brain that helps regulate the body's sleep-wake cycle (Circadian Rhythm) and Reproductive cycles. The brain produces Melatonin in response to darkness and is responsible for promoting better sleep.
To introduce a plant from one geographic region to another, and to allow it to establish itself without cultivation, and grow as if it were native to the area.
Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that transmit a signal from a neuron across the synapse to a target cell, which can be a different neuron, muscle cell, or gland cell.
A type of white blood cell that protect us from infections. They make up approximately 40% to 60% of the white blood cells in our bodies,and are the first cells to arrive on the scene when we experience a bacterial infection.
Niacin is a B vitamin that's made and used by your body to turn food into energy. It helps keep your nervous system, digestive system and skin healthy. Niacin is often part of a daily multivitamin, but most people get enough niacin from the food they eat. Its found in some foods, including poultry, beef, pork, fish, nuts, legumes, whole grains, and enriched or fortified breads and cereals. In medicine it is used as a drug to lower high blood cholesterol levels.
A chemical substance that contains nitrogen and oxygen and is used to preserve food. Nitrates are also used as a food additive to stop the growth of bacteria and to enhance the flavour and colour of foods.
Nitric oxide is a colorless gas with the formula NO. It is one of the principal oxides of nitrogen. Nitric oxide is a free radical. Nitric oxide is produced by nearly every type of cell in the human body and one of the most important molecules for blood vessel health. It's a vasodilator, meaning it relaxes the inner muscles of your blood vessels, causing the vessels to widen. In this way, nitric oxide increases blood flow and lowers blood pressure.
The nitrogen packaging system essentially involves replacing oxygen with nitrogen in food packing. Nitrogen flushing is a method used to preserve and protect food from damage during shipping and storage.
Nutrients are compounds in foods essential to life and health, providing us with energy, the building blocks for repair and growth and substances necessary to regulate chemical processes within your body. There are six major nutrients: Carbohydrates (CHO), Lipids (fats), Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, Water.
A statement on a food or dietary supplement product label that describes the amount of a nutrient or dietary substance in a product. Examples of nutrient claims for dietary supplement products include fortified, high, rich in, excellent source of, good source of, and high potency.
The processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes foods necessary for sustinance. The processes combine eating, digesting, and absorbing nutrients (such as protein, carbohydrate, fat, vitamins, minerals, and water) from food to maintain your body, grow new cells, repair tissues, and supply energy. Nutrition is also the science of food, diet, and health.
Having to do with nutrition (eating, digesting, and absorbing the nutrients in food, and the health and disease consequences).
The Nutrition Facts label found on packaged foods and beverages is your daily tool for making informed food choices that contribute to healthy lifelong eating habits. [how to read your label]
During the night, you cycle through two types of sleep: Non-Rapid Eye Movement (non-REM) sleep and Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep. Your brain and body act differently during these different phases. NREM sleep happens first and includes 3 stages. 1st Stage is a light sleep stage and lasts for 5-10 minutes during which time the heartbeat, eye movements, brain waves, and breathing activity begin to slow down. The 2nd stage of NREM sleep further lowers body temperature and heart rate. This sleep stage is when the body prepares itself for deep sleep which is Stage 3 of NREM. During this stage, the body is building bone and muscle, repairs and regenerates tissues and strengthens the immune system.
Neurotransmitters are often referred to as the body's chemical messengers. Their job is to carry chemical signals (“messages”) from one neuron (nerve cell) to the next target cell. The next target cell can be another nerve cell, a muscle cell or a gland.
A neurodegenerative disease is caused by the progressive loss of structure or function of neurons, in the process known as neurodegeneration. Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease are the most common neurodegenerative diseases.
The word Nephro- means “kidney,” So Nephroprotective is anything that protects the Kidney from harm. Nephroprotective agents are material that has the potential to minimize the effects of nephrotoxic agents (any agent that has the potential to generate kidney damage and reduce renal function.)
A main component of fats used by your body for energy and tissue growth. Omega-3s are essential fatty acids in the human diet; they are found in fish oil and certain plant and nut oils and flaxseeds, chiaseeds and walnuts.
Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) Value - is a method of measuring the antioxidant capacity of a food. Antioxidants neutralise harmful free radicals in the body and the higher the ORAC Value of a food, the greater antioxidant capacity it has to effectively neutralise harmful free radicals.
Organic food is food produced by methods complying with the standards of organic farming. These standards vary worldwide, but organic farming mainly practice in cycle resources, promoting ecological balance, and conserving biodiversity. Use of genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, and sewage sludge is prohibited. Cereals, fruits, and vegetables must be grown using natural fertilizers and natural pest control methods. Animals raised for meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products must be fed organic feed and not given antibiotics or hormones to promote growth. Food produced this way can be certified and labeled as organic.
"Oxidation in body is a normal and necessary process . Oxidative stress, on the other hand, occurs when there's an imbalance between free radical activity and antioxidant activity. Oxidation can damage vital molecules in our cells, including DNA and proteins, which are responsible for many body processes. Molecules such as DNA are needed for cells to function properly, so if too many are damaged, the cell can malfunction or die. This is why antioxidants are important. When functioning properly, free radicals can help fight off pathogens.
Oxidation in food, is a reaction that occurs in the presence of oxygen and is responsible for the deterioration in the quality of food products, including off-flavors and off-odors. It is affected by processing, packaging and storing methods, as well as product ingredients. "
A scholarly or scientific publication in which an article is reviewed by a board of experts before it is published. The board members determine the accuracy of the article and approve or reject it.
Perimenopause, or menopause transition, begins several years before menopause. It's the time when the ovaries gradually begin to make less estrogen. It usually starts in women's 40s, but can start in their 30s or even earlier. Perimenopause lasts up until menopause, the point when the ovaries stop releasing eggs.
Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is a phospholipid attached to a choline particle and found in eggs, soybeans, mustard and sunflower. Phospholipids contain fatty acids, glycerol, and phosphorous. PC is a good source of choline, which is a helpful nutrient that supports cellular growth and metabolism. The phosphorous part of the phospholipid substance, lecithin, is made up of PC. Foods that contain lecithin are the best dietary sources of PC. Although PC is traditionally used to support brain health, it also supports liver function and keep cholesterol levels in check.
A phospholipid is a type of lipid molecule that is the main component of the cell membrane. Lipids are molecules that include fats, waxes, and some vitamins, among others. As membrane components, phospholipids are selectively permeable (also called semi-permeable), meaning that only certain molecules can pass through them to enter or exit the cell. Molecules that dissolve in fat can pass through easily, while molecules that dissolve in water cannot.This helps keep the contents of the cell working properly and separates the inside of the cell from the surrounding environment. They can act as emulsifiers in food applications, which are substances that disperse oil droplets in water so that the oil and water do not form separate layers. For example, egg yolks contain phospholipids, and are used in mayonnaise to keep it from separating. In pharmaceuticals, phospholipids are used as part of drug delivery systems, which are systems that help transport a drug throughout the body to the area that it is meant to affect.
Latin Name: Arthrospira Plantensis
Phycocyanin is a phytonutrient (a protein pigment) which in natural light is blue and is present in Spirulina. Phycocyanin is the responsible component of the blue colour of the blue-green colour of the spirulina microalgae. Phycocyanin is extracted from spirulina. Phycocyanin works as an anti-cholesterol, antioxidant, anti-deposits, regeneration agent for new cells and detoxifier. It is one of the most potent antioxidants and greatly helps the immune system
Phytochemicals (from Greek phyto, meaning "plant") are chemicals produced by plants, that can be health-protecting. They give the plant color, aroma and flavor, but when we eat them, they work with other phytochemicals and nutrients to fend off cancer, heart disease, age-related eye disease and more. Some phytochemicals stimulate the immune system. Others slow the growth of cancer cells or prevent DNA damage. Phytochemicals (sometimes called phytonutrients) include beta-carotene, lycopene, and resveratrol.
Phytoestrogens or dietary estrogens are naturally occurring compounds found in plants. Many of these plants are already part of a person's diet. Estrogen is a hormone released in a woman's body that regulates her menstrual cycle. your body's endocrine system is responsible for producing this hormone. There are 3 main types of phytoestrogens—the isoflavones (the most potent), coumestans, and lignans. Isoflavones, a type of phytoestrogen, are being studied in the prevention of osteoporosis, menopausal symptoms, and some types of cancer. Soybeans are a rich source of phytoestrogens.
Phytonutrients are chemicals produced by plants. Foods with phytonutrients have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits. Phytonutrients, also called phytochemicals, are chemicals produced by plants. Plants use phytonutrients to stay healthy. Rich sources of phytonutrients are Red, orange and yellow vegetables and fruit (such as tomatoes, carrots, peppers, squash, sweet potatoes, peaches, mangos, melons, citrus fruits, and berries), Dark green leafy vegetables (such as spinach, kale, bok choy, broccoli, Swiss chard, and romaine lettuce) Garlic, onions, chives and leeks. Their high anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties help in strengthening the immune system, protect cells and DNA from damage that may lead to cancer, reduce inflammation, slow the growth rate of cancer cells, help regulate hormones.
An inactive substance or treatment that has no effect on your body and that ideally looks, smells, and tastes the same as, and is given the same way as, the active drug or treatment being tested. The effects of the active substance or treatment are compared to the effects of the placebo.
Polyols are also called ‘sugar alcohols’ because their chemical structure resembles partly sugar and partly alcohol but they are neither sugars, nor alcohol. Due to their molecular resemblance to sugar, polyols may be used in food either as a low calorie or sugar free sweetener or for technological purposes, e.g. emulsifiers, stabilisers, humectants, thickeners, texturisers and bulking agents. Sugar alcohols are partially resistant to digestion, which means they provide fewer calories per gram than does sugar, they do not promote tooth decay and they do not cause sudden increases in blood glucose levels.
Chemicals found in plants that have antioxidant properties and can support overall health. Polyphenols can be found in food sources such as apples, berries, cherries, dark chocolate, onions and green tea. Polyphenols can protect cells from free radical damage.
Women are considered to be postmenopausal when they have not had their period for an entire year. Having your doctor measure your follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level is another way to see if you are near menopause. The time in a woman’s life when menstrual periods stop permanently is called menopause (“change of life”), and the period after menopause is called postmenopausal
Prebiotics are a type of fiber that the human body cannot digest. They serve as food for probiotics, which are tiny living microorganisms, including bacteria and yeast. Both prebiotics and probiotics may support helpful bacteria and other organisms in the gut. Prebiotics and probiotics both support your body in building and maintaining a healthy colony of bacteria and other microorganisms, which supports the gut and aids digestion. Prebiotics are present in fiber-rich foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Severe symptoms that occur 1 or 2 weeks before menstruation, including cramping, bloating, and tender breasts; food cravings; mood swings and irritability; and headache and fatigue.
Specially formulated multivitamins that ensure a pregnant woman gets enough essential micronutrients. Prenatal supplements generally contain more folic acid, iron, and calcium than standard adult supplements.
Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are good for you, especially your digestive system. We usually think of these as germs that cause diseases. But your body is full of bacteria, both good and bad. Probiotics are often called "good" or "helpful" bacteria because they help keep your gut healthy. A good source of probiotics is from fermented foods like yogurt/dahi, Miso, cheese, sour pickles and sour bread
Protein is a macronutrient that is essential to building muscle mass. It is commonly found in animal products, though is also present in other sources, such as nuts and legumes.
A substance found in some foods that your body can use to make a vitamin. An example of a provitamin is beta-carotene, which your body uses to make vitamin A. Also called a vitamin precursor.
A phenolic acid is a type of phytochemical, also called a polyphenol. Phenolic acids are found in a variety of plant-based foods; the seeds and skins of fruits and the leaves of vegetables contain the highest concentrations. They are beneficial to your health since they work as antioxidants that prevent cellular damage due to free-radical oxidation reactions. They may also promote anti-inflammatory conditions in your body when you eat them regularly. Other types of polyphenols include flavonoids and stilbenes.
A study in which the participants are assigned by chance to separate groups that compare different treatments. Neither the researchers nor participants can choose which group participants are assigned to. Using chance to assign people means that the groups will be similar and the treatments they receive can be compared objectively.
Recommended Dietary Allowance is a dietary intake level that is sufficient to meet the nutrient requirements of most healthy people.
The organs that are involved in breathing. These include the mouth, nose, throat (pharynx), voicebox (larynx), windpipe (trachea), air passages between the windpipe and lungs (bronchial tubes), and lungs. Also called the respiratory system.
A horizontal stem that grows shallowly underground. At nodes along the rhizome, below-ground roots and above-ground shoots grow into new plants. Rhozomes as often mistaken for roots. Examples include ginger, turneric, lotus, strawberry.
Riboflavin (also Vitamin B2) is a vitamin that is needed for growth and overall good health. It helps your body break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats to produce energy, and it allows oxygen to be used by your body.Riboflavin is needed by your body for growth, cell function, and to make energy from food. It works together with other B vitamins, and acts as an antioxidant to protect cells from free radical damage. Riboflavin is found in some foods, including liver, mushrooms, spinach and leafy green vegetables, milk and dairy products, eggs, whole grains, enriched breads and cereals, and lean meats.
A condition in children in which bones become soft and deformed because they don’t have enough calcium and phosphorus. It is caused by not having enough vitamin D in the diet or by not getting enough sunlight. In adults, this condition is called osteomalacia.
REM stands for Rapid Eye Movement. During REM sleep, the eyes move around rapidly in a range of directions, however don't send any visual information to the brain. REM sleep stage sets in usually about 90 minutes after you fall asleep. During this stage the brain activity increases, meaning sleep is not as deep. REM sleep is the stage where you will experience intense dreams.
A substance found in some plants. Saponins may help lower cholesterol and may have anticancer effects.
A method of gaining knowledge by making observations, proposing educated guesses (hypotheses) to explain the observations, and testing the hypotheses in ways that have reproducible results.
Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) are found mainly in flaxseed and is one of the essential lignans. They have beneficial fatty acids and high fiber content, making flaxseed an important source of functional food. SDG offers several health benefits, including protective effects against cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, and mental stress.
A mineral required in very small amounts to make important enzymes that are essential for good health. It plays a critical role in metabolism and thyroid function and helps protect your body from damage caused by oxidative stress. Selenium may help boost your immune system, slow age-related mental decline, and even reduce your risk of heart disease.Selenium is found in some foods, including plant foods grown in selenium-rich soil, and some meats and seafood.
Sleep disorders are a group of conditions that affect the ability to sleep well on a regular basis. They cause a consistent disruption of the normal pattern of sleep.
"Latin name: Glycine max. Origin: Southeast Asia
A plant that produces beans used in many food products. Soy products contain isoflavones (estrogen-like substances) that are being studied in the prevention of cancer, hot flashes that occur with menopause, and osteoporosis (loss of bone density). Also called soya and soybean. "
"Latin Name: Glycine max. Origin: China
Soy lecithin is a mixture of phospholipids and oils derived from soybean oil. It contributes to raising HDL (good) cholesterol and lowering LDL (bad) cholesterol in your blood. Although it is generally used as an emulsifier, antioxidant and flavour protector in foods, it is commonly used in diets for cholesterol reduction. Choline is an essential nutrient found in Lecithin and is important for preventing organ dysfunction, fatty liver, and muscle damage. "
"Latin Name: Glycine max. Origin: China
Soy isoflavones are polyphenols found in soy products. They interact with a type of estrogen (female hormoone) receptor involved in cognitive functions. Isoflavones are also considered phytoestrogens, meaning that they are similar in structure to the female hormone, estrogen, therefore assisting in preventing menopausal and premenstrual syndrome. Isoflavones are also considered anti-oxidant compounds. "
The name of a category that is part of the scientific classification of all organisms. The category species is located in the classification system after kingdom, phylum, class, order, family and genus. Humans, for example, belong to the genus Homo and the species Homo sapiens.
Herbs are made up of active and inactive compounds. The medicinal parts of an herb, the parts that provide benefit to your body, are the active compounds. Since the quality (in terms of composition) of a whole plant can widely vary according to the environment where it grew, the climate, the harvesting period and so on. Thereofore the process of standardization ensures that each time active compounds are extracted, it is done in a controlled and standardized process to be able to manufacture a consistent product. By consistent, we understand a finished product that will have reproducible composition.
Natural steroids are compounds that mimic the steroids that human bodies naturally produce, such as the hormones testosterone, progesterone, and cortisol. These are found in plants, herbs, and other natural sources that mimic human hormones or steroids. Natural steroids may carry fewer side effects than traditional anabolic steroids. These are compounds that build and repair muscle by increasing the production of testosterone. Some examples of natural steriods are Ashwagandha, Safed Musli, Giinseng, Zinc, Magnesium, DHEA, Gokhshru and fenugreek.
Synthetic steroids are a man-made version of the hormones that are normally produced by the adrenal glands (2 small glands found above the kidneys.). When synthetic steroids are taken in doses higher than the amount your body normally produces, they reduce redness and swelling (inflammation). This can help with inflammatory conditions such as asthma and eczema. Synthetic steroids also reduce the activity of the immune system, which is your body's natural defence against illness and infection.
A substance that increases brain activity, alertness, attention, blood pressure, heart rate, breathing, and energy.
Superfoods are foods — mostly plant-based but also some fish and dairy — that are thought to be nutritionally dense and thus good for one's health. contain a variety of nutrients, such as antioxidants, which are thought to ward off cancer. They also have healthy fats, thought to prevent heart disease; fiber, thought to prevent diabetes and digestive problems; and phytochemicals — the chemicals in plants responsible for deep colors and smells, which can have numerous health benefits. Popular superfoods include, Blueberries, Kale, Beans, nuts, spirulina, salmon, chia seeds, Gojiberries, avocado, broccoli, eggs, walnuts
A dietary supplement is a product you take to supplement your diet. It contains one or more dietary ingredients such as vitamins; minerals; herbs or other botanicals; amino acids etc
Made by combining parts to make a whole, rather than occuring naturally; usually having to do with substances that are artificial or manufactured.
Slow-wave sleep (SWS) refers to phase 3 sleep, which is the deepest phase of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep
In case of formulations: synergistic effects are the effects when chemical substances or biological structures interact with each other resulting in producing an overall effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of any of them. Synergistic effects are the combined effects of 2 or more ingredients or substances making an impact that is significantly greater than either of them could have shown individually.
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an enzyme found in all living cells, which helps speed up certain chemical reactions within the body. They are generated naturally by the white blood cells in the body. Superoxide dismutase helps break down potentially harmful oxygen molecules in cells. This prevents damage to tissues.They constitute a very important antioxidant defense mechanism against oxidative stress in the body.
SSerotonin, also known as 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), is a neurotransmitter that also acts as a hormone. It is often called your body’s natural “feel good” chemical. When serotonin is at normal levels, you feel more focused, emotionally stable, happier and calmer. Low levels of serotonin are associated with depression. It also carries messages between nerve cells in the brain and throughout the body. Serotonin plays several roles in the body, including influencing learning, memory, regulating body temperature, sleep, sexual behavior and hunger. Serotonin is made from the essential amino acid tryptophan.
The beneficial response or outcome of a treatment or prevention measure.
Thiamin or Vitamin B1, is a water soluble B vitamin that is needed by your body to turn food into energy, keep the nervous system healthy, and for cell and muscle function. Thiamin is found in some foods, including enriched breads and cereals, legumes, liver, nuts, pork, and whole grains.
A gland located in the front of the neck, below the larynx (Adam’s apple). The thyroid makes hormones that circulate in the bloodstream and affect brain development, metabolism, weight, breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, nervous system functions, body temperature, muscle strength, skin dryness, menstrual cycles, and cholesterol levels.
Tryptophan is an amino acid needed for normal growth in infants and for the production and maintenance of the body's proteins, muscles, enzymes, and neurotransmitters. It is an essential amino acid. The body cannot produce it, so it must be received from your diet. Tryptophan is the necessary precursor of melatonin production and release.
"Latin name: Valeriana officinalis. Origin: Europe, parts of Asia and North America
The roots of this plant are used by some cultures as an ingredient in mild sedatives and sleep aids for nervous tension and insomnia. It is currently being studied in improving sleep in patients undergoing treatment for cancer. "
Vasodilators are medications that open (dilate) blood vessels. They affect the muscles in the walls of your arteries and veins, preventing the muscles from tightening and the walls from narrowing. As a result, blood flows more easily through your vessels. Leafy greens like spinach and collard greens are high in nitrates, which your body converts into nitric oxide, a potent vasodilator. Eating nitrate-rich foods may help improve circulation by dilating blood vessels, allowing your blood to flow more easily.
A nutrient that your body needs in small amounts to function and maintain optimum health. Vitamins are naturally found in plants and animals and are vital to growth, energy, and nerve function. There are two types of vitamins used by your body to support health: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Examples are vitamins A, C, and E.
A general term for a group of compounds that includes provitamin A carotenoids (found in foods that come from plants) and retinol (preformed vitamin A found in foods that come from animals). your body can use retinol to make retinal and retinoic acid (other forms of vitamin A). Vitamin A plays an important role in vision, bone growth, reproduction, immunity, cell development, and skin health. Vitamin A is found in some foods, including eggs, liver, fortified milk, cheese, leafy green vegetables (such as spinach, kale, turnip greens, collards, and romaine lettuce), broccoli, dark orange fruits and vegetables (such as apricots, carrots, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, papaya, mango, and cantaloupe), and red bell pepper.
Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is an important water-soluble vitamin . It plays an essential role in the production of your red blood cells and DNA, as well as the proper functioning of your nervous system. Vitamin B12 is naturally found in animal foods, including meats, fish, poultry, eggs and dairy. It is needed to make DNA (the genetic material in all cells), and is required for the metabolism (chemical changes that take place in the tissues to produce energy and the basic materials needed by your body) of carbohydrate, fat, and protein.
Vitamin B6 or Pyridoxine is a water-soluble vitamin. It is involved in protein metabolism, is needed for the nervous system and immune system to work efficiently, and is needed to make hemoglobin (a molecule within red blood cells that carries oxygen to tissues). It also helps maintain blood glucose (sugar) within a normal range.
Vitamin deficiency is the condition of a long-term lack of a vitamin. When caused by not enough vitamin intake it is classified as a primary deficiency, whereas when due to an underlying disorder such as malabsorption it is called a secondary deficiency. The symptoms of a vitamin deficiency are fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, weight loss, numbness or tingling sensation in the hands and feet, muscle weakness, irregular heartbeat, anemia, brittle nails, bleeding gums, etc
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is necessary for the growth, development and repair of all body tissues. It's involved in many body functions, including formation of collagen (a protein found in cartilage, tendons, ligaments, bone, and blood vessels), absorption of iron from food, the proper functioning of the immune system, wound healing, and the maintenance of cartilage, bones, and teeth. It is an antioxidant and protects cells from free radical damage. Vitamin C is found in some foods including citrus fruits, strawberries, peppers, dark green vegetables, tomatoes, and potatoes.
Vitamin D, also called calciferol and fondly called the sunshine vitamin, is a fat-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in a few foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. It is also produced by your body when ultraviolet (UV) rays from sunlight strike the skin and trigger vitamin D synthesis. Vitamin D promotes calcium absorption in the gut and enables normal bone mineralization. It is also essential for strong bones and bone growth. Without sufficient vitamin D, bones can become thin and brittle. Vitamin D sufficiency prevents rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. Together with calcium, vitamin D also helps protect older adults from osteoporosis.Vitamin D is found in some foods, including some types of fatty fish, and milk and breakfast cereals that are fortified with vitamin D.
Vitamin E, also called tocopherol, is a fat soluble nutrient that is important for vision, reproduction and the overall health of your blood, brain and skin. It has high antioxidant properties and therefore aids to protect your cells from damage. This essential nutrient occurs naturally in many foods. Since it is fat soluble, your body stores and uses it as needed. The term “vitamin E” describes eight different compounds. Alpha-tocopherol is the most active one in humans.A nutrient needed by your body to help keep the immune system healthy and to repair damage to DNA. Vitamin E is found in some foods, including vegetable oils, nuts and seeds, fortified breakfast cereals, and spinach, broccoli, kiwi, and mangos.
Vitamin K, also known as phylloquinone, is a fat soluble nutrient and plays a key role in helping the blood clot, preventing excessive bleeding. Unlike many other vitamins, vitamin K is not typically used as a dietary supplement. Vitamin K is actually a group of compounds. The most important of these compounds is vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Vitamin K is found in some foods, including green leafy vegetables, such as kale, spinach, turnip greens, collards, swiss chard, mustard greens, parsley, romaine, and green leaf lettuce; Vegetables such as Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage; Fish, liver, meat, eggs, and cereals (contain smaller amounts) . It is also made within your body by bacteria that live in the large intestine.
Vitexin is a flavonoid found in Passion flower, mung beans, fenugreek, pearl millet and some other medicinal plants. Besides being a powerful antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antinociceptive, Vitexin has the ability to improve sleep time and induce sleep.
Refers to vitamins that are soluble in water like B-6, C, and folic acid and are easily absorbed by your body. Your body uses the vitamins it needs, then excretes excess water-soluble vitamins through urine. Because excess amounts of these vitamins are not stored in your body, there is less risk of toxicity than with fat-soluble vitamins but a greater risk of deficiency.
A blood cell made by the bone marrow that helps your body fight infection and disease. WBCs include lymphocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, macrophages, and mast cells.
Withanolides are naturally occuring steroids and an active ingredient in ashwagandha plant. The most potent extractions of withanoloids is from the ashwagandha root. Ashwagandha's benefits work best when it includes a high concentration of withanolides, which research shows can have multiple benefits, including reducing anxiety and stress, helping fight depression, boosting fertility and testosterone in men, and even boosting brain function.
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